18 December 2017 | Internet

To make money and to make the good are not incompatible

United Nations look for to involve to companies and great fortunes in investment funds that make fulfill the Objectives of Sustainable Development. China is the key

The world in 2030 will be very different from the present one. The world-wide population can go off until the 12,000 million people, to live more than one hundred years will be something habitual, and, nevertheless, it is very possible that the pensions do not exist as we know them now and that the human beings are replaced by robots and systems of artificial intelligence in multitude of jobs. All that, logically, if by then the resources of the planet have still not been run out.

It can seem the argument of a science film fiction with alarmist dyes, but he is one of the scenes that the possible David Galipeau sees, person in charge of the Bottom of Social Impact of United Nations (UNSIF). €œThe first person who is going to live 150 years already has been born, but it is very possible that my generation is the last one that can retire with a worthy pension€, it comments in an exclusive interview with FUTURE PLANET. €œThe Humanity is going away to face enormous challenges: from the climate change, to the automatization. And it is possible that for 2030 the artificial intelligence surpasses to the human being in many aspects€.

Julia Balandina, financial adviser and author of the Guide book to Impact Investing, adds that date the human being will consume a 30% more of water, a 40% more of energy, and a 50% more of food than now. So that those needs are covered without destroying the planet in a so complex scene, it stresses Galipeau, the UN designed the Objectives of Desarrollo Sostenible (ODS), 17 great challenges to which answer for 2030 is due to give. The problem, indicates both, is that there is no sufficient money to fund his attainment.

Balandina esteem that is necessary 3,900 million dollars to the year so that the ODS do not become an utopia and finish being a reality. €œUnited Nations do not have that money, and much less the governments who have seen fall their income by the crisis. The solution is in attracting private capital€, it affirmed during the Global Forum of Investment of Impact, organized in Shanghai by UNSIF and China-Europe International Business School (CEIBS).

The difficulty is in obtaining that those private investors see beyond the charity, because the donations only cover a very small part with the needs. €œWe do not have anything against the benefit. In fact, which we propose in UNSIF is the creation of bottoms than it is known as impact investment. They are investments to the use, but that not only looks at the economic benefits, but they become in companies that generate a positive impact in the surroundings, aligned with the ODS€, explains Galipeau. They would be possible consider antonym of the bottoms vulture.

The objective is to obtain an investment model that is attractive by the interest that offers, but also by the development that it promotes. €œThe complicated thing is to quantify that impact with an index that is universal€, the economist recognizes. Its equipment, along with the one of nine educative institutions of prestige worldwide, works to give with a solution in the form of impact index. €œHe is something very complex that it will have to consider how the own ODS are going to change from now until 2030. Because now the eradication of the poverty and the equality of sort, for example, is those that more interest and resources attract, but in the future not very distant the marine life or the responsible consumption can be even more important€, explains Galipeau.

€œAt the moment, we calculated that only a 3% of the investors at world-wide level worry about the impact that has its money. What we must obtain is to arrive at that 97% rest, so that its capital is canalized towards projects that not only will report benefits to them, but, in addition, they will help the sustainable development of the planet€, mentions Galipeau, who already has designed several of these bottoms in which UNSIF guarantees that positive impact.

€œWe do not have to think that the ODS are had to only fulfill by means of the altruism. Also business with its attainment can be done€, agrees Balandina. €œFor that reason, another great objective is the great fortunes, that can be key to fund the ODS. If we managed to canalize to good causes the investments that take control of that money, to reach our objectives will be a little more close€, it sentences.

Finally, the Governments can also cause the creation of social companies. €œIt is not that they lack, is that the work is not clear to them that does and it becomes difficult to them to make business because they must compete with that they are not in force by ethical codes€, Galipeau says.

Source: El Pa­s

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